Risk One: Never get out there; can't find the wilderness. The Risk
of Stagnation.
Risk two: Never come back; lost in the wilderness. The Risk of
Risk three: Go full circle (and take audience with). The risk of
(Evan Parker)*

Common Coding Theory* states that perception
and production are generally coupled in the
motor system. It suggests for instance that
people perceive spoken words by identifying
the vocal tract gestures with which they are
pronounced rather than by identifying the
sound patterns that speech generates.

Assuming that perception and production are
linked in this way; How does paradox
manifest itself in the motor system?
The muscular system exists of antagonist
(stretching) and agonist (bending) muscles.
A paradoxical instruction might co-activate
antagonistic muscles and create a freeze or
immobilisation of the limbs.

What may be the positive effect on non-objective drawing?

Antagonists (quadriceps and the hamstrings)
are simultaneously active when you arise
from sitting.
This co-activation of two antagonistic
muscles is known as Lombard's paradox.*
The limbs dont freeze because the extensor
moment exceeds the flexor moment..Here
paradox brings about a fundamental change
(from a passive to an active state).
So if a drawing based on instruction or
method ends up in a passive state after it
went ‘full circle’ the paradox could could
offer some kind of escape.

Blocking the wrist shifts movement control
back to the elbow, freezing elbow and wrist
shifts it to the shoulder etc.. It shows
how; to prevent change in the superficial
variables is to promote change in the more profound.*
The effect of Freezing the wrist when
drawing is a decrease in variables of a
line, this is an increase of abstraction and
thus automatically direct attention towards
a more basic or fundamental pattern.

( + ) active muscle
( _ ) relaxed muscle

0 0
_antagonist,_agonist (slack) +_antagonist, _+agonist (flow)
0 0
from; +_antagonist,_+agonist to;++antagonist (escape completion) +antagonist, +antagonist (inversive)

The paradoxial reflex breaks the norm and
enforces a difference that catapults it from
the loophole of dead routine into the open

*paradoxical injunction is used in an artistic rather than a
psychiatric context, but the common denominator is the breaking
of a routine.

* principle of explosion
* logic bomb
* dramatic structure
* free-jazz-at- what-expense
* common coding theory
* lombard paradox
*W. Ross Ashby. 1952.Design for a Brain



3.Move by Nature

4.the Paradoxical Reflex

5.the Protean Reflex

6.the WordPad
Glitch as a
metaphor for

7.Programming with Grawlixes


8.The ABC of
for the
autonomous artist

9.Jack Jack & de
Wandelende Feedback




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